Fortune actually does favor the brave
Plenty of pundits have already lambasted the cryptocurrency exchange commercial that aired in late 2021, days before the peak in the price of bitcoin. The ad infamously featured the slogan, “fortune favors the brave.” While this ad was most likely a misapplication of the slogan, there’s nothing wrong with the slogan itself. Historically, fortune does favor the brave, but there is a difference between courage and blind faith. The heart of the issue with crypto and any of these other “blind faith” trades was that there simply was no fear. Here the classic parenting line seems very applicable: “That’s not brave, that’s just unsafe.”
You had to truly be brave to buy emerging markets in 2000 and the US in 2010
Investing money into something simply based on a story and on hope, without an analysis of cash flows or valuation, is the very opposite of fear. Thus, it’s no coincidence that as the cost of capital began to rise and liquidity started to tighten, that the market began to re-rate these “blind faith” investments. The biggest investment opportunities in recent history did not, at their outset, have their names on stadiums, their own dedicated segments on the business networks or dominate the biggest market caps in the major stock market indices. Consider the last two market cycles:
1. Emerging markets emerge (2000-2010)
The setup:The foundation for emerging market leadership was laid in the 1990s, where similar to today, the US had come off of a decade of outperformance driven by US innovation.
Market perception: Why would anybody bother to deal with the added headache of currency fluctuations and geopolitics when all the innovation was happening in the US? Especially when we were fresh off the Asian Financial Crisis in 1997 and the Russian Debt Crisis in 1998.
Market reality: Emerging markets grew EPS by 6x the rate of the US and were rewarded by 210% returns during 2000 – 2010, dwarfing the 5% returns of the S&P 500®.
2. US disrupts the world (2011 – 2021)
The Setup: At the time, the US had led the world into a financial crisis, government debt levels had surged, lending was going to be constrained by regulation, US manufacturing continued to lose share to emerging markets and the US was coming off a lost decade of returns.
Market perception: US investors had too much “home bias,” and were therefore underinvested in the economies driving global growth.
Market reality: US earnings outgrew emerging markets by sixteen-fold, helping to drive 372% returns during 2011 – 2021 vs. 45% for emerging markets.
Table 1: Total return and EPS growth over time: S&P 500® vs. MSCI Emerging Markets Index
Source: Richard Bernstein Advisors LLC, S&P, MSCI Bloomberg
* Due to data availability, 1995-1999 EPS growth compares 1999 EPS with the four quarters ended March 1995
The “obvious” trades are rarely obvious at the time
There are countless reasons to avoid the past cycle’s losers. The old economy is being disrupted away, and conventional energy sources are in secular decline. International stocks always seem to disappoint, and the US dollar always seems to go up. Meanwhile, bigger companies continue to use their scale to dominate smaller companies. But with cheap valuations and low expectations, maybe the “obvious” investments to avoid aren’t so obvious.
Dan Suzuki, CFA
Deputy Chief Investment Officer
Dan Suzuki is registered with Foreside Fund Services, LLC which is not affiliated with Richard Bernstein Advisors LLC or its affiliates.
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