Equities Advance Despite Concerns Over Weak Employment and Growth

U.S. equities moved higher last week, with the S&P 500 advancing 1.40%.1 In the face of another disappointing employment report, positive recovery expectations provided tailwinds. Key manufacturing and service sector data surprised to the upside, and improved corporate confidence was highlighted by merger and acquisition activity. Developments outside the U.S. supported recovery and reform, and emerging market fears lessened. A potential U.S. military strike on Syria was an overhang as President Obama’s decision to seek congressional approval raised concerns about other looming battles.

Global Economy Emerges from the Past but Is Not Quite Ready for the Future

The global economy appears to have emerged from the doldrums of 2012 and early 2013. Global GDP increased at an annualized 3% pace in the second quarter and seems on track for similar results for the third quarter.2 This reflects a move from contraction into recovery across the Euro area, alongside robust gains in the U.K. and Japan. Slightly above-trend growth in the U.S. and solid growth in developing markets is offsetting disappointing growth in emerging markets. The August Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMITM) points to a constructive turn in the global manufacturing cycle. The report indicates slowing buildup of inventories and increasing growth in new orders – two developments that often precede increased industrial activity. In the near term, U.S. economic growth is on hold due to Middle East tensions, oil price spikes, Federal Reserve bond purchases, Obamacare uncertainty and regulatory overhangs.

The strong Manufacturing ISM Report on Business® for August, along with near- cycle low jobless claims, suggests business conditions are firming. Acceleration for the U.S. in the second half appears probable, helped by a steepening yield curve, modest rebound in Europe and stabilization in China. Capital goods spending and industrial production should accelerate, and hopefully earnings estimates will begin to increase. Importantly, a near-term recession does not seem likely.

Weekly Top Themes

1. August payrolls increased by 169,000 jobs but did not meet expectations.3 Also, payrolls for the previous two months were revised down. The unemploy- ment rate declined to 7.3%, entirely accounted for by a 0.2% decline in labor force participation, equating to a new cycle low. The continued decline in the participation rate further justifies maintaining a very low federal funds rate.

2. The Fed does not appear to have reached consensus about tapering. July FOMC meeting minutes and recent speeches confirm this view. Our base case remains that QE tapering will begin modestly before the end of September.

3. A deal to fund the government and raise the debt ceiling is not imminent. Overall, we anticipate a minimal deal that may include: no tax hikes or reform, token entitlement savings, slight relaxation of the sequester, possible approval of the Keystone pipeline and a 12-month or more increase in the debt ceiling.

4. A congressional resolution supporting military action in Syria has a difficult and uncertain future. If the vote were held today, it would likely fail. The Administration has work to do before securing adequate support.

5. Debate about Syria may impact the short-term economy and markets. Subjects such as the succession of Ben Bernanke, approval of the pipeline, change to sequestration cuts, continuing resolution for government funding and immigration reform may be used to help the President attain the necessary congressional votes to pass his use of force resolution.

The Big Picture

The equity market remains in pause mode in the short term due to numerous uncertainties and subdued growth outlook. Over 6 to 12 months, we believe global conditions favor equities over bonds and support a moderately pro-growth investment stance. A slowly improving global economy may provide tailwinds for

equities and certain risk assets, with potential headwinds for most bonds, particularly those issued by G7 governments. Risks remain for the economic outlook as markets cope with the looming shift in global monetary policy as the Fed starts tapering.

There may be disruptions from the U.S. debt ceiling and announcement of the next Fed Chairman, as well as potential geopolitical tremors from the Middle East. But for now, we do not expect any of these issues to deflect the underlying trend.

1 Source: Morningstar Direct, as of 9/6/13. 2 Source: U.S. Department of Commerce Bureau of Economic Analysis, “National Income and Product Accounts Gross Domestic Product, 2nd quarter 2013 (second estimate); Corporate Profits, 2nd quarter 2013 (preliminary estimate),” August 29, 2013, http://www.bea.gov/newsreleases/national/gdp/gdpnewsrelease.htm. 3 Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, “The Employment Situation – August 2013,” September 6, 2013, http://www.bls.gov/news.release/empsit.nr0.htm.

The S&P 500 Index is a capitalization-weighted index of 500 stocks designed to measure the performance of the broad domestic economy. The MSCI World Index ex-U.S. is a free float-adjusted market capitalization weighted index that is designed to measure the equity market performance of developed markets minus the United States. The MSCI Emerging Markets Index is a free float- adjusted market capitalization index that is designed to measure equity market performance of emerging markets.


The views and opinions expressed are for informational and educational purposes only as of the date of writing and may change at any time based on market or other conditions and may not come to pass. This material is not intended to be relied upon as investment advice or recommendations, does not constitute a solicitation to buy or sell securities and should not be considered specific legal, investment or tax advice. The information provided does not take into account the specific objectives, financial situation, or particular needs of any specific person. All investments carry a certain degree of risk and there is no assurance that an investment will provide positive performance over any period of time. Equity investments are subject to market risk or the risk that stocks will decline in response to such factors as adverse company news or industry developments or a general economic decline. Debt or fixed income securities are subject to market risk, credit risk, interest rate risk, call risk, tax risk, political and economic risk, and income risk. As interest rates rise, bond prices fall. Non- investment-grade bonds involve heightened credit risk, liquidity risk, and potential for default. Foreign investing involves additional risks, including currency fluctuation, political and economic instability, lack of liquidity and differing legal and accounting standards. These risks are magnified in emerging markets. Past performance is no guarantee of future results.

Nuveen Asset Management, LLC is a registered investment adviser and an affiliate of Nuveen Investments, Inc.


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