The stock market finished Friday on a high note, with the S&P 500 index just north of 4,200 for the first time since August 2022 and up 17.6% versus the market bottom in October.
Part of recent gains are related to optimism about the effect of Artificial Intelligence on some high-tech stocks. Another part might be due to signs that Congress and the White House are closing in on a budget agreement that might limit spending growth for the next couple of years while averting a debt default.
But the recent rally also seems related to a general sense of increasing optimism about the broader economy, with investors getting more confident the economy will avoid a recession this year and next.
For the long-term, we remain optimistic about the US economy and the stock market. But we don’t share the stock market’s optimism about the next year or so and think recent data support the case that the US is still headed for a recession.
Economy-wide corporate profits declined 5.1% in the first quarter of 2023, the fastest drop for any quarter since 2020 during the early days of COVID. As some analysts have pointed out, the drop appears to be driven by large and unprecedented losses at the Federal Reserve, a result of the Fed paying banks higher interest rates for them to hold reserves, combined with the Fed’s massive balance sheet.