- Donald Trump’s surprise presidential election victory led to extreme market volatility in overnight trading.
- Markets are likely to remain unsettled in the near to medium term.
- In times of uncertainty, remember that panic is not a good investment strategy, and that it’s important to stick to your long-term investment plan.
Our view, expressed over the past month, was that a surprise win by Donald Trump would likely be one of the most unsettling outcomes for the markets. Indeed, that has come to fruition. As the realization of a Trump win began to set in, Dow Jones Industrial Average futures dropped more than 800 points; meanwhile, the S&P 500® Index fell more than 100 points, triggering circuit breakers. Dow futures later recovered some of those losses.
The carnage reflects the significant uncertainty associated with a Trump presidency, and the shock to traders and investors who were relying on the polls. It’s likely of little solace at present, but at times like these it is more important than ever to remind ourselves that panic is not a good investment strategy, and that your portfolio should be connected to a financial plan.
Stocks weren’t the only market seeing a dramatic move—the Mexican peso, a barometer of the vote, fell by more than 10% by the time the election was called, the largest drop in eight years. Demand for perceived safe-haven assets also supported gold’s surge and a drop in the 10-year Treasury yield to a two-week low. Expectations for a Federal Reserve rate hike in December also sank, as did the U.S. dollar and emerging market stocks. And the CBOE Volatility Index, which was below 13 as recently as two weeks ago, has surged to over 25.
The drama harkens back to the so-called Brexit vote in June, and the market’s reaction to it. The hit to the U.S. futures market that June evening triggered the Chicago Mercantile Exchange’s limit-down price curbs for overnight trading. Those rules kick in when S&P Globex futures drop by at least 5% from the prior session close. The rule was triggered again over election night, when the futures fell to below 2,029, which means the contract cannot trade at a lower price for the remainder of the overnight session.
In terms of tomorrow’s regular session trading, circuit breakers will kick in if the S&P 500 drops by 7% (Level 1), 13% (Level 2) and 20% (Level 3) from Tuesday’s close. That works out to 1990, 1862, and 1712 by our math. Trading will halt for 15 minutes for Level 1 and Level 2, unless the drop occurs after 3:25pm ET. A Level 3 halt would occur immediately and last for the remainder of the trading day.
But if Brexit is anything resembling a proxy, remember that the recovery was as swift as the sell-off … not that that’s a prediction for what’s to come. Volatility is likely to remain extremely elevated in the near to medium term as the unknowns associated with a Trump presidency become resolved. To the extent that expectations around Fed policy could be a needle-mover, the futures market is showing plunging expectations for a December rate hike; meanwhile, global central banks would likely lean back toward additional monetary policy easing. This could help to settle markets.